Ensuring equal civil rights for transgender and non-binary people is one of the two topics discussed at LQDOMUN 2020. Therefore, in order to help everyone, especially future delegates, to better understand the difficulties this community is facing, the following is a report on the problem of violence against transgender people in the US.
The transgender people in the US, especially transgender women of color, are a particular community that is vulnerable to mistreatment due to rigid cultural norms to an extent that it has become a national crisis. They are frequent victims of violence including physical attacks, sexual assault, and intimate partner violence. The denial of opportunity to education and employment, transphobia and other risk factors that are aggravated by racism and sexism have been forming and feeding the epidemic of violence against transgender people in the US.
Although it has received growing attention from the public in recent years, locating these fatal crimes is still a grave problem due to the relative invisibility of many transgender individuals in their daily lives and some victims’ refusal to report. According to the HRC’s Report on the Epidemic of Anti-Violence against Transgender people in the US, at least 26 cases of deaths regarding people of this group have been reported during the first months of 2019, 91% of which were women of color. The United States then “welcomed” 2020 with another 5 transgender or gender-nonconforming people being killed viciously by various violent means. Violence against transgender people is often pervasive and acute; therefore, constantly finding new approaches towards this epidemic is a must.
Despite tremendous challenges, the US is gradually taking significant steps towards embracing people of all genders. The Violence against Women Act is a prime example as it has prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex orientation and gender identity since 2013. Further, the recently proposed Equality Act is an even more concrete approach to provide LGBTQ people with non-discrimination protections across a wide variety of areas such as education, employment, housing, public services, etc.