In the series Weekly Vocab this week, we are pleased to serve you another MUN term – VOTING, a real ‘big cheese’ having a far-reaching impact on all Conference activities.


Present / Present and Voting – used during the Roll Call by Delegates in order to claim the nation’s position.
1/ Present: used to claim the nation’s presence and it is possible to abstain from some votes during the Conference.
2/ Present and Voting: used to claim the nation’s presence and imply that it is substantially engaged in the topic discussed, thus having no right to abstain from any vote.

Majorities – the requirement for a matter to be passed.
1/ Simple Majority – approval of more than half the number of Delegates is needed to pass Motion.
2/ Qualified Majority (Overwhelming Majority) – in this case we need approval of over ⅔ of the number of Delegates.
Delegates and Observers are informed of the needed type of majorities by the Chairs before any vote.


There are 2 types, each relevant to one category of matters:

Procedural Vote: used for Procedural Matters like voting on the motion to extend the Debate, to set a time limit for speeches, to move into another Caucus, to set the Agenda and so on.
✔ Voters: all Delegates and Observers.
✔ Possible responses: only Yes or No; Abstention is not allowed.

Substantive Vote: used for Substantive Matters like voting on Reports, Paragraphs, Resolutions and Amendment etc, which will deliver an optimal solution to discussed issues.
✔ Voters: Delegates only.
✔ Possible responses: Yes, No and also Abstention.


When the debate has come to an end or after the exhaustion of the Speaker’s List, Motions such as Motion for a Roll Call Vote, Motion to Divide the House and Motion to Divide the Question are raised to move into another direction. Time for Voting starts right after that.


  • Vote by Placard: Delegates need to raise their placards to vote.
  • Vote by Roll Call: used solely for Substantive Matters. As the Chairs name all nations, Delegates answer accordingly, with Yes/No – Yes/No with Rights (allows the Delegates to explain their vote) – Abstain – Pass (allows the Delegates to delay their vote until all other Delegates have voted)


✔ No crosstalk, debate or lobbying.
✔ The Conference room is sealed, ensuring no Delegate may enter or leave it during the Voting Procedure.

Every MUN Conference can barely function without Voting, so it is vitally important to have a good grasp of it in order to come to a wise decision. Finally, we hope that this post will further expand your understanding of the MUN Conference!

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